A parallel of equality in 2 worlds (Ruby and Java)

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Here is a short presentation of equality methods in Ruby and Java:
So, in both Ruby and Java we have an instance reference equality or identity (Object#equal?, respectively the == operator).

Another similarity is for objects used as keys in maps (hashes). If you want to customize their behavior, in both Ruby and Java will have to override Object#eql? and Object#hash, respectively Object.equals() and Object.hashCode(). And that would be it with the similarities.

In Ruby world, Object#eql? and Object?== are named equivalence. I haven't been able to find out the reasons for having both Object#eql? and Object?== and the only example I have found is the following:
2.eql? 2.0 => false
2 == 2.0 => true
Ruby has another equality method Object#=== and this one is used only in case statements.

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